The American Heart Association recently defined ideal cardiovascular health as the simultaneous presence of 7 health metrics, including no smoking, body mass index <25 kg/m 2 , physical activity at goal level, diet consistent with current guideline recommendations, untreated total cholesterol <200 mg/dL, untreated systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure <80 mm Hg, and untreated fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dL.
Just what This research Adds
Four-year go after-upwards results exhibited a powerful inverse relationships within level of finest health metrics among members in the baseline and you may collective aerobic events.
Questionnaires were administered in person by research doctors. Information obtained included demographic and socioeconomic data, education level, average income of each family member, medical history, family medical history, alcohol consumption, smoking status, dietary data, physical activity, and sleeping duration and quality blog baÄŸlantÄ±sÄ±. Smoking status was classified using self-reported information as “never,” “former,” or “current.” Physical activity was evaluated from responses to questions about the type and frequency of physical activity at work and during leisure time and permits. Individuals were classified as “very active,” “moderately active,” or “inactive.” Salt intake was determined from responses to questions related to salt preferences and was classified as “low,” “medium,” or “high.” However, the amount of salt consumed (g/day) was not obtained. We used “low” salt intake (9.1%) as a surrogate of ideal diet consistent with current guideline recommendations because salted food intake is a serious issue in China. According to the 2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey, only 18.4% of people had a daily salt intake <6 g. The questionnaire provided an approximation of whether an individual’s diet was “ideal,” “intermediate,” or “poor.” The existence of preexisting stroke or MI was defined as any self-reported previous physician diagnosis of stroke or MI. The use of antihypertensive, cholesterol-lowering, and glucose-lowering medications within the past 2 weeks of the baseline interview was self-reported. The average monthly income of each family member was reported as “<?600”; ?600 to ?1000; or “??1000” The education level was categorized as “illiteracy or primary school, middle school, or college/university.”
Anthropometric indices included level and you may pounds. All of the individuals were measured while they have been putting on scrubs. Peak is counted on nearest 0.step one cm having fun with a recording signal, and you may weight was mentioned to your nearby 0.step one kg playing with calibrated system scales. Body mass index was calculated since the body weight (kg) split of the square from height (yards 2 ).
Blood pressure level Dimension
Blood pressure levels (BP) is counted on remaining sleeve with the nearest dos mm Hg playing with an effective mercury sphygmomanometer that have a beneficial cuff away from compatible proportions adopting the simple needed tips. One or two indication each of systolic blood circulation pressure and you will diastolic hypertension was basically taken during the a great 5-time period immediately after members got rested into the a seat getting at minimum 5 minutes. The typical of your own 2 readings was used having study studies. In case your dos dimensions differed from the >5 mm Hg, next an additional reading is taken, plus the aver age of the 3 readings was applied getting study research.
Blood samples were collected from the antecubital vein in the morning after an overnight fast and transfused into vacuum tubes containing EDTA. Tubes were centrifuged at 3000g for 10 minutes at room temperature. After ples were used within 4 hours. FBG was measured with the hexokinase/glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase method. TC and triglyceride were measured enzymatically (interassay coefficient of variation <10%; Mind Bioengineering Co Ltd, Shanghai, China). All biochemical variables were measured using an autoanalyzer (Hitachi 747; Hitachi, Tokyo, Japan) at the central laboratory of the Kailuan General Hospital.